CHOICE OF SCRIPT FOR OUR SINDHI LANGUGE
SCRIPTS USED UNTIL TODAY
FOR OUR SINDHI LANGUAGE
including Roman script
According to Prof. Trumpp, Sindhi is a pure sanskritical language , more than any other north Indian language.
However until today the script of Moen jo Daro has not been dicephered but there is no doubt that our computers will do it one day.
The Indus script has been known to exist for the last century .
However the studies by TIFR scientists and other world institutes suggest that Indus people wrote in a literary style and the script may have been written close to spoken languages like Tamil and Sanskrit ..The linguistic structure of the Indus script suggests this ..
Now the efforts are on to understand the grammatical structure of the script.
Sindhi language was a written language two thousand years ago
Indus valley civilization and Sind in particular was the cradle of world civilizations .. The name Sind is derived from river Sindhu which is called Indus .Our ancient civilisation began here.
It is a confirmed fact that Navigation started on the Indus river around 6OOO years ago .
We must feel proud of the fact that we originate from such an ancient and cultured country with a recognized civilisation of 5OOO years.
There was a Sindhi version of the Mahabharata in 3OO B.C during the Budhhist era of Sind.
Vasdeva the Kusha king at that time ordered the listing of all sindhi literary works in 346 A.D . But today there is no trace of these writings
But the definite assertion of the existence about these books proves that two thousand years ago , sindhi was already a written language.
Until today nobody knows precisely how many scripts the Sindhi language had from time immemorial.
It was originally written in 8 scripts at different times but when Al Biruni , a famous Arab scholar came to India in the 11thcentury , he found 3 types of derivatives of Devnagiri.
In the 19th century when the Britishers occupied Sind, they found devnagiri script and Vaan~kee as well as Gurumukhi being used on a small scale.
They made an English Sindhi dictionary in devnagari script in 185O.
They even translated Bible in Sindhi in devnagiri script.
However they thrust Arabic script on the Sindhi language even when it did not suit the language. This they did for the majority was of Muslims.
Also the Hindu scholars did not want to take the trouble of learning Devnagiri scripts .They were very well conversant with the arabic script and preferred it .
After partition we in India have a choice of Arabic ,Devnagari along with phonetic roman script .
Whereas in Pakistan, they have restictions on teaching of Sindhi in schools ,
3. Historical Choice of script for Sindhi Language
There is a controversy going on about the script to be adopted for Sindhi language. This discussion is very necessary for we must realise that fewer and fewer people are using the Sindhi language in daily use. We must do something about it.
Now if we analyse, we come to the conclusion that out of 100 persons, some know the Arabic script, some Devnagiri script but practically all of us know the roman script.
So why not make use of this reality? Around 4 million of Sindhis in different parts of the world speak in Sindhi but cannot read and write in Devnagiri or Arabic script.
So why not give them a chance to read and write in Phonetic Roman Script? Why not also persuade others who are not able to learn Arabic or Devnagiri script, to keep our language alive through the use of Phonetic Roman Script? Otherwise who is going to teach them araabic or Devnagir script ?
Even a Muslim country like Indonesia with its Kawi Script ( A derivative of the ancient Sanskrit script ) which has been used for well over 1000 years, decided to adopt Roman script and today Bahasia Indonesia in roman script unites all the 5000 islands into a compact unit. Sukarno issued a decree in 1972 to switch over to roman script.
Turkey another muslim country also decided to adopt roman script in place of Persian / Arabic script .In 1928 Mustafa Kamal Ataturk issued a decree to switch over to roman script.
Swahili which was written before in Arabic Script is now written in Roman Script.
Fiji writes Hindi in roman script. Can you imagine?
Countless other countries in the world have done so to ensure the survival of their language.
The only thing that has to be done is to adjust the Roman Script phonetically so that there is only one way of reading and writing and that there should be no confusion at all. With all this in view, we have developed the phonetic roman script for Sindhis with the existing computer board.
Comments from Pakistan on the Arabic and Roman scripts
t^ is changed to t~
Where a scholar from Pakistan states that it takes a few months to study the present arabic script, in our simple chart of roman script,you can straightaway start reading. For writing , put the charts before you and very soon,you should be able to start writing.
Another expert from Pakistan has clearly indicated that the Sindhi language can be easily written in Roman script
Refer above to the Arabic sindhi article above. There are quite a few unnecessary alphabets in the Arabic script which are unused in the Sindhi language.
Accordingly these unnecessary alphabets have been removed to simplify the Sindhi language and from the six groups of unnecessary words above,we have chosen a,z,s,h,k and t~ for use in our phonetic script
That only leaves around 13 alphabets to be understood.
Since they are also derivatives of the known alphabets,it should not take more than a few minutes to undestand them .
Halim Brohi was probably the first to have suggested roman script for Sindhi language .He wrote :Halim Brohi's roman script .He made caustic comments on the dots of the arabic script.He was criticised by all and sundry but he stood his ground .Can anyone send us his version of the roman script for Sindhi to me ?
Majority of roman script alphabets have been retained for it is easy to base Sindhi Roman script on them . They are pronounced similarly .
We therefore vote for phonetic roman script for Colloquial Sindhi .
Roman script for Sindhi language was standardised at LA in 2OO9 and reconfirmed with a few minor changes at Ahmedabad at 29.3.2O1O by a group of 11 scholars .
We are avoiding persian,arabic,urdu and sanskrit words .When you can walk on your own ,why take the help of crutches?Our Sindhi is a very rich language .Why take support from other languages?Colloquial language that is spoken ,is the best link for all Sindhis throughout the world.
In this context, we like to point out that a great mystic of Sind, Shah Karim,the great grand father of Shah Abdul Latif wrote 93 stanzas in pure most Sindhi avoiding persian, Arabic and other languages.
You can straightaway start reading the phonetic roman Sindhi However writing should not take more than 15 minutes after putting the charts before you...
Please see the alphabetical charts on our website: www.chandiramani.com section Sindhi number 18.